Summary. 1. Introduction – The World Until Yesterday. The author, Jared Diamond, starts the book with a prologue about an airport scene. He starts by sketching. The World Until Yesterday is the third in a series of best-selling and prize-winning volumes by Jared Diamond addressing the large issues of. Editorial Reviews. From Booklist. In the broader scope of evolution, it was only “ yesterday” . Bottom Line First: Jared Diamond's The World Before Yesterday is Ok. Diamond struck gold with Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed.
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Read The World Until Yesterday: What Can We Learn from Traditional Societies? PDF Ebook by Jared Diamond. Penguin Books, ePUB. PDF | On Jan 1, , William C McGrew and others published Review of Jared Diamond's The World Until Yesterday. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Jared Diamond: The world until The World Until Yesterday is the third in a series of best-selling and.
My views may seem to ignore a moral imperative that businesses should follow virtuous principles, whether or not it is most profitable for them to do so. Instead I prefer to recognize that, throughout human history, [ Invocation of moral principles is a necessary first step for eliciting virtuous behavior, but that alone is not a sufficient step.
Chapter "Big businesses and the environment: different conditions, different outcomes", section "Businesses and the public" Penguin Books, , pages , ISBN Businesses have changed when the public came to expect and require different behavior, to reward businesses for behavior that the public wanted, and to make things difficult for businesses practising behaviors that the public didn't want.
I predict that in the future, just as in the past, changes in public attitudes will be essential for changes in businesses' environmental practices.
The World Until Yesterday
Chapter "Big businesses and the environment: different conditions, different outcomes", section "Businesses and the public" Penguin Books, , page , ISBN Those numbers ay not sound like a bid deal until one reflects that average global temperatures were "only" 5 degrees cooler at the height of the last Ice Age. About global warming. Chapter "The world as a polder: what does it all mean to us today?
Thus, because we are rapidly advancing along this non-sustainable course, the world's environmental problems will get resolved, in one way or another, within the lifetimes of the children and young adults alive today The only question is whether they will become resolved in pleasant ways of our own choice, or in unpleasant ways not of our choice, such as warfare, genocide, starvation, disease epidemics, and collapses of societies.
While all of those grim phenomena have been endemic to humanity throughout our history, their frequency increases with environmental degradation, population pressure, and the resulting poverty and political instability. This one-liner puts the truth exactly backwards.
Environmental messes cost us huge sums of money both in the short run and in the long run; cleaning up or preventing those messes saves us huge sums in the long run, and often in the short run as well.
In caring for the health of our surroundings, just as of our bodies, it is cheaper and preferable to avoid getting sick than to try to cure illnesses after they have developed. In fact, one of the main lesson to be learned from the collapses of the Maya, Anasazi, Easter Islanders, and those other past societies as well as from the recent collapse of the Soviet Union is that a society's steep decline may begin only a decade or two after the society reaches its peak numbers, wealth, and power.
On reflection, it's no surprise that declines of societies tend to follow swiftly on their peaks. If the Easter Islanders couldn't solve their milder local problems in the past, how can the modern world hope to solve its big global problems?
On the other hand, we shall be able to solve our problems — if we choose to do so. Because we are the cause of our environmental problems, we are the ones in control of them, and we can choose or not choose to stop causing them and start solving them. The future is up for grabs, lying in our own hands.
Diamond redux Jared Mason Diamond, geography professor, environmental historian, and author, requires little introduction to many of you. But here's a bio anyway. After studying membrane physiology at Harvard and Cambridge University, the mids academic launched his career as a noted gallbladder expert.
His vistas soon broadened. His bibliography reflects his lifelong love of ornithology and his kaleidoscopic curiosity, polymath mind, and penchant for tackling really big ideas.
An adventurous man, he still treks to New Guinea every summer. Back at UCLA, he personally delivers every lecture in his two yearly undergraduate courses. In truth, it's hard to connect controversy with someone so generous and deliciously quirky. In his house, my pal cups his hands and pipes tropical bird calls in lieu of using an intercom and often greets visitors wearing big, furry slippers.
Some people believe Diamond's thesis has a racist or determinist slant. Others argue it overlooks the evolution of Western cultural and social values, notably individualism, capitalism, and political freedom.
Cavils aside, to many with a yen for discerning intersecting planes between agriculture, animal and human infectious diseases, geo-political dominance, and economic and technologic progress, it's an epic, revered work.
Required reading, one might say, for anyone under This leads us to the new book.
In short, it has something for everyone. The opening locale—noisy, bustling, and jostling in the manner of all modern airports, it seems—is at first deceptively generic. Then, we see the exotic national flag and strange-named destinations of connecting flights and learn we are in Port Moresby, circa More fundamentally, the New Guinea Highlanders of lacked writing, metal, money, schools, and centralized government.
If we hadn't actually had recent history to tell us the result, we might have wondered: could a society without writing really master it within a single generation? Kung of Africa's Kalahari Desert enjoy driving groups of lions and hyenas off freshly-killed animal carcasses using small weapons, sticks, and shouts—they do it because they need the meat to survive , child-raising, care of the aged, near-constant fear of starvation and its ricochet in today's global epidemics of diabetes and hypertension , purposes of religion, and the protective benefits of bilingualism.
In the Epilogue which opens with Diamond reuniting with family members at an LAX baggage claim area, then traveling the freeway and confronting stacks of accumulated mail , readers will find a summing-up which carefully weighs certain advantages of the modern world, certain advantages of the traditional world, and lessons for all. After turning the final page, I scheduled another breakfast with Jared. From here on, all quotes are from our later conversation in October What was it like?
From a friend at Harvard I learned to camp out but neither of us had been to the tropics. After we both got our PhDs and I returned to Boston, John and I immediately began asking ourselves: where can we go in the tropics?
Our first trip was to Peru. Of course it was New Guinea at the time. My dad had mentored and supervised Carleton Gadjusek who recognized kuru as an infectious disease.
I knew New Guineans were primitive people, meaning that they had primitive technology. I thought there would be something distinctive about their personality and cognition, and so on—I fantasized for example, that New Guineans could read minds and that, in a few weeks, I could learn how to read minds. That just shows you how naive I was.
Breakfast with Jared
Instead of easing us in our first night by letting us stay in his house, he told us a bit and drove us to a native village and left us there! So my first night was spent sleeping in a hut in a village with New Guineans who did not speak English.
I was tired from the long plane flights from the US, so I slept late the next morning. When I woke up there was the scene that I describe in the book about the little boys playing war.
War had ended in this area in So they were not playing hopscotch, it was serious, it was very realistic. The author should have probably just written an autobiography. Like t Thai Jan 02, I'm not familiar with any of the controversies as mentioned in other comments.
This book reminded me of a few of my Anthropology classes in college, so it didn't contain a lot of new facts for me. I think it's an interesting subject, and I appreciate how well researched it is, but it's a bore to read. It took me a while to get through this book, and towards the end, I just gave up because I was sick of the repetitiveness.
Read this book if you didn't take an Anthropology class. Like 1 like Starling16 Dec 19, At first I liked this book but due to some commenters below, I'm now questioning it. Look online for controversies about the author. Like p pablo Oct 31, Diamond is always a good read but this one is a bit heavy. Too many details weigh down the reading.And speaking of generating resources, the elderly also often continue to contribute here in whatever way they can.
The World Until Yesterday is a triumph.
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Any advanced extraterrestrials who discovered us would surely treat us in the same way Diamond is a Renaissance man, a serious scholar and an audacious generalist, with a gift for synthesizing data and theories.
The Third Chimpanzee Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies [ edit ] Just as strawberries are adapted to birds , so acorns are adapted to squirrels , mangos to bats , and some sedges to ants. People in this area had been pacified, hadn't attacked Europeans in quite a while. Dec 31, Minutes. And obesity is a major risk factor for numerous health problems in its own right loc. The bestselling author of Collapse and Guns, Germs and Steel surveys the history of human societies to answer the question:
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